Leaflet Maps with Socrata API Open Data
TODO: Decide whether to keep or not, and if so, add intro
Source: Current Class 1 - Class 4 Food Establishments, City of Hartford
Why pair Leaflet maps with Socrata data?
Leaflet, a friendly and flexible open-source code library for creating interactive web maps, plays nicely with Socrata, an open data platform used by several government agencies and organizations. Benefits of pairing Leaflet and Socrata:
Although the Socrata data platform includes built-in visualization tools for anyone to create charts and maps, Leaflet gives you more control over your map design. Furthermore, Leaflet allows you to create maps that bring together data from both Socrata and non-Socrata sources.
Socrata datasets include an API (application program interface) endpoint, in the form of a web address. This endpoint enables other computers to easily access the most recent data online, instead of a static version that was manually downloaded.
Newer Socrata datasets that include locations (such as latitude and longitude coordinates) also provide endpoints in GeoJSON format. Since Leaflet maps easily process GeoJSON data, only a few lines of code are required.
However, Socrata GeoJSON endpoints do not currently support “real-time” data, such as up-to-the-minute locations of public transportation, etc. In these cases, you may need to access data through a provider other than Socrata, most likely in a different format, which may require more coding skills.
About Socrata API endpoints
Go to any Socrata open data platform, find a dataset, and click the API tab. As an example, you can use City of Hartford’s Police Incidents dataset.
Copy the API endpoint. The default version is JSON.
If you’re new to APIs, test the endpoint by pasting it into your browser address line. Ideally you would see a formatted JSON view (use Chrome or Firefox for better results).
If your browser does not support JSON view, you will see the raw JSON stream only, like the one shown below.
Test if this Socrata endpoint supports GeoJSON format by changing the extention in the API dropdown menu from
GeoJSON. GeoJSON format works best with Leaflet because the coding is simpler.
If your endpoint supports GeoJSON format, your browser will display a data stream similar to the one below.
If your Socrata endpoint only supports JSON format, but includes data columns with latitude and longitude, see other Leaflet examples further below.
Register for Socrata App Token
- Socrata requires developers to register for a free app token at https://opendata.socrata.com/signup
GeoJSON endpoint with circle markers and tooltips
note: location data appears as latitude and longitude coordinates in the
steps to create your own (MORE TODO HERE)
select API button, copy endpoint, and change suffix from .json to .geojson
copy this Leaflet map template, which includes this key section of code:
paste and explain the code